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You are at the section Calendar History

Where Did The New Years Begin by Some Countries (more in depth)

England

  1. In England (but not Scotland) three different years were used:
    1. The historical year, which started on 1 January.
    2. The liturgical year, which started on the first Sunday in advent.
    3. The civil year, which:
      1. from the 7th to the 12th century started on 25 December,
      2. from the 12th century until 1751 started on 25 March,
      3. from 1752 started on 1 January.
  2. New Year's Day was on March 25 (1155-1751), previous day was on the year 1154 (II?)-1750. Example: the execution of Charles the I of England listed as January 30, 1648 (when 1649 began on March 25), modern histories adjusted the year to 1649.
  3. Example of Birth in the British Colonies
    1. George Washington was born either February 11, 1731 (Julian-3-25- Calendar) or February 22, 1732 (Gregorian Calendar adjusted date), or February 11, 1732 (Julian-1 Calendar) depending on which calendar is used.
    2. His anniversary of birth in the Gregorian calendar is reflected to be as follows:
      1. Feb 22 from 1732-1801 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1731-1800),
      2. 2-11-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-11-1800 Julian-1 to 2-22-1800 Gregorian
      3. 2-17-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-17-1800 Julian-1 to 2-28-1800 Gregorian
      4. 2-18-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-18-1800 Julian-1 to 3-1-1800 Gregorian (there is no Feb 29 in Gregorian 1800)
      5. 2-28-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-28-1800 Julian-1 to 3-11-1800 Gregorian
      6. 2-29-1799 Julian-3-25- or 2-29-1800 Julian-1 to 3-12-1800 Gregorian (there were leap year days on the Julian-3-25- calendar when the Julian-1 calendar had them to keep both calendars in sync)
      7. 3-1-1799 Julian-3-25- or 3-1-1801 Julian-1 to 3-13-1800 Gregorian
      8. 2-1-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-1-1801 Julian-1 to 2-13-1801 Gregorian
      9. 2-11-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-11-1801 Julian-1 to 2-23-1801 Gregorian
      10. 2-16-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-16-1801 Julian-1 to 2-28-1801 Gregorian
      11. 2-17-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-17-1801 Julian-1 to 3-1-1801 Gregorian
      12. 2-27-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-27-1801 Julian-1 to 3-11-1801 Gregorian
      13. 2-28-1800 Julian-3-25- or 2-28-1801 Julian-1 to 3-12-1801 Gregorian
      14. 3-1-1800 Julian-3-25- or 3-1-1801 Julian-1 to 3-13-1801 Gregorian (there is no Feb 29, 1800 in the Julian-3-25- calendar)
    3. For practical purposes, Washington's birthday observance remains Feb 22, the date that was converted from his birth year on the Julian-3-25- calendar on Feb 11, 1731.
      1. The U.S.A. holiday of his birth is on the third Monday in February (any date from Feb 15 to Feb 21, now known as President's Day.)
      2. Feb 22 from 1732-1800 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1731-1799),
      3. Feb 23 from 1801-1900 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1800-1899),
      4. Feb 24 from 1901-2100 (for the Julian-3-25- years 1900-2099),
      5. Feb 25 from 2101-2200 (for the Julian-3-25- years 2100-2199), and so on.
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Calendar History Main Page Calendar 1: The Romulus Calendar I Calendar 2: The Republican Calendar I Calendar 3: The Republican Calendar II Calendar 4: The Republican Transitional Calendar Calendar 5: The Julian-Roman-Actual-1 Calendar Calendar 6: The Julian-Roman-Transitional-1 Calendar Calendar 7: The Julian-Roman-1 Calendar Calendar 8: The Julian-Kalends-1 Calendar Calendar 9: The Julian-1 Calendar Calendar 10: The Gregorian Calendar Dual Dating Date Confusion Definition of Days on the Calendars Definition of Calendars: Others Old, New and Unknown Styles Leap Year Error on the Julian-Roman-Actual-1 Calendar What Calendars Each Country Was Using Gregorian-Julian Differences By Century New Years Days Addenda Day and Year Measurements Calendar Varieties-Gregorian Calendar Varieties-Julian Calendar Varieties-Other Years Converted From Julian Period Day Lining Up Julian Dates Between Earth and Mars The Martian Calendar of Earth Converting From the Julian Period Date Creating a Julian Period Day Database File Truncating Answers Conversion Between Julian-1 and Gregorian Calendars Create a Calendar Leap Year Day Comparisons Swedish Calendar 1700-1712
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